Matthew 13:33......... 33 He told them still another parable: "The kingdom of heaven … How lovingly and meditatively Jesus looked upon homely life, knowing nothing of the differences, the vulgar differences, between the small and great! It means "to hide in" or "to mix." Another simile spake he to them: `The reign of the heavens is like to leaven, which a woman having taken, hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. These parables do not describe the kingdom in a systematic way, but show us a series of snapshots taken from different perspectives. While some commentaries interpret this parable as depicting the spreading influence of the gospel, such explanations go against Jesus' use of this symbol. What does the lieutenant do when he encrypts it? Instead, it says: "I will utter dark sayings of old," providing another clue that what Matthew 13:34 refers to in respect to the first four parables is dark. Parables of Matthew 13 (Part 1): The Mustard Seed. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Matthew 13:33: The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. 49 This is how it will be at the end of the age. An overview of Matthew 13 is essential, because we need to understand the whole context to see what Jesus was trying to get across to us. Mark 13:33, KJV: "Take ye heed, watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is." They act as a prophetic summary of the historical development of God's church. Another parable He spoke to them. "The Kingdom of the Heavens," He said, "is like yeast which a woman takes and buries in a bushel of flour, for it to work there till the whole mass has risen.". He is not doing away with the idea that He will return to this earth and set up His government here after putting down all other government's rule, but He is saying, "Those of you whom I have called out are in the Kingdom of Heaven right now—in a spiritual sense—and you have to live by its rules and fight its enemies. The "three measures of meal" represents the church's teachings. When the Jews heard this parable, they must have been astounded. Jesus touches on this in the first parable. That was the first step in Satan's plan—"Get them while they're young"—and he has been doing the same thing ever since. The word translated is better rendered as "transferred." So, then, what is leaven? The leaven is hidden in the meal, representing the way Satan subtly strikes against the truth. This is the common word used to mean "to come into possession of." Matthew 7:18 and Luke 6:43 state as a fact that the reverse case does not take place in nature. She hides the leaven "in three measures of meal." It had to be of fine flour. It seems from the usage of these words that this woman is up to no good whatsoever. Jesus' stories, or parables, were windows to God's truth. In the area of personal relationships. We sin because we are full of leaven, and we spend our whole lives getting rid of it. This is the occasion when the One who became Jesus Christ and two angels came to Abraham, and he made them a meal. If the false doctrines are allowed to grow, affection and loving concern in service to one another are thwarted. It does suggest, however, the Fillmore teaching of the true trinity of mind, idea, and expression. Prophets did not see but one advent. If Jesus told us that the Kingdom of God was like leaven in bread, what would we think? Key Thought. These are the works of the flesh—they reflect how we treat one another. There is also the ephah, which is ten omers. What the woman does and how she acts determines what belief system she is representing. Parables of Matthew 13 (Part One): Introduction. Matthew 12:33 Thus, the three measures of meal represent love, service, and loyalty to others, specifically our brethren in the church. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven. Farmers listened to pictures of agricultural life. But we need to remember that Jesus was seeing what would happen between the time He died and the time He returned. MATTHEW 13:13-33, 44-52. Matthew 13:13-15. Matthew 13:33 – Luke 13:20-21 Here is an example of a mistranslation due to a basic and simple word tria = "three" not being translated. The apostle Paul tells us "through love serve one another" (Galatians 5:13), an antidote to the woman's devious subterfuge. We did it voluntarily when we accepted Christ as our Savior. In Matthew 13:34 is an explanation why the first four parables can be titled "Satan's Plan to Destroy the Church": All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: "I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.". Christ also symbolizes the kingdom of heaven is like leaven in flour. This does not mean we are clean forever—we still sin after we are cleaned. It will lunge directly at the church's jugular—how we treat one another. In true members of God's church, the Kingdom of God is already ruling in them. Chapter and verse divisions only were added centuries after Matthew was written. Notice Matthew 12:28: "But if I cast out demons by the spirit of God, surely the Kingdom of God has come upon you." But is this correct? A natural reason for leaven's negative symbolism is the idea that fermentation implies a process of corruption. on StudyLight.org An average loaf of bread contains about three cups of flour. In Ezekiel 16, God uses a woman to symbolize Israel: "Aholah" is the kingdom of Israel and "Aholibah" is the kingdom of Judah. Paul concurs: "Our citizenship is in heaven" (Philippians 3:20); "We are ambassadors for Christ" (II Corinthians 5:20; our allegiance is to Christ, the King of the Kingdom of God); we are "strangers and pilgrims" in a foreign land (I Peter 2:11). till it was all leavened!" The kyngdome of heven is lyke vnto leve which a woman taketh and hydeth in .iii. Jesus also spoke of common civic duties and social events. Colossians 1:13 says that we have already been translated into the Kingdom of the Son of His love. What does Matthew 13:33 mean? The leaven of those who have distorted doctrine down through the ages has been greed, pride, control, and worldly desires. Jesus is speaking of dark mysteries, dark things happening. Jesus frequently spoke of leaven. It is almost unthinkable that the Kingdom of God would be full of leaven throughout. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Every time a woman is used as a symbol, the common denominator is the idea of a system of beliefs and practices that influence other people. Physically, leaven is a lump of old dough in a high state of fermentation, or a substance that causes dough to rise (yeast). Another parable He spoke to them: "The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened." They both reveal and conceal. 48 When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on the shore. She is an opponent of Christ and infuses His church with corrupting ideas. The first parable, The Sower, and the eighth, The Householder, are key, the first introducing and anticipating all of the parables, and the last concluding and reflecting back on the whole, stating the church's purpose and duty under the authority of Jesus Christ. What can we understand from this? “Took leaven.” It is assumed that man needs raising, and this is possible only through the introduction from without of an energy distinctly Divine. Three omers equal one about one seah. In the Old Testament, it is generally symbolic of sin and evil. The tree good, and his fruit good (i.e. The Parables of Matthew 13 (Part Five): The Parable of the Leaven. In the meantime there is something going on that no one in the OT knew about. In Galatians 5:7-9, Paul calls leaven a "persuasion [that] does not come from Him who calls you," one that hinders us from obeying the truth. In Ezekiel 45:24 and 46:5, 7, 11 are the offerings given at the Feast during the Millennium. Hallelujah! They seem not to reveal as much about the church's eternal characteristics as about its day-to-day efforts resulting from Christ's work in coming into the world. Jesus says, ". If you understand what is in these parables, you will have a pretty good idea of what is happening spiritually.". Matthew 13:33 (33) Another parable He spoke to them: "The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened." We must get along with one another as God intends, or we might not be around to enter His Kingdom. Only Christ's disciples can really understand the true spiritual principles involved in the parables, "because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven" (verse 11). Mark 13:33, NLT: "And since you don't know when that time will come, be on … All of these are part of the meal offering—our service and devotion to each other. He mixes up the letters according to a code, and only a person with the key to the encryption knows what the message is saying. These eight parables can be divided into three sections. when Jesus had finished these parables, . Is the Kingdom evil? Mark 12:34 contains another example: "So when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, 'You are not far from the Kingdom of God.' The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). It does not mean "the Kingdom of God when Jesus Christ returns." See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. It does not sound very good to us—nor did it sound right to the Jews—because we know what leaven represents in Scripture: the corruption of sin. K.J.V. Then, in Matthew 16:5-6, 11, Jesus clearly says that the leaven He spoke about was the doctrine of the Pharisees and the Sadducees. Whenever we find the symbol of a woman in the Bible, she represents a system of beliefs and practices that influence other people. Another similitude sayde he to them. The Tares (verse 24) represents the relationship of the church to the wicked one and his agents. In Galations 4:21-31, Paul uses "women" to symbolize the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. Matthew 13:33. Most people would have seen a woman making bread. And we are right! Where has the church shown its greatest weakness? Leaven must still be negative here. Matthew 13:23, ESV: "As for what was sown on good … Even the most bread-gorging family on this earth would not eat eleven loaves each day. In general, leaven is something that starts out small or localized and then spreads throughout the medium in which it is contained. —The words have the ring of a proverb applicable, in its literal meaning, to the conditions of worldly prosperity. So beware! His reference to Christ's sinless sacrifice, and his statement that believers, as such, are unleavened shows the typical significance of leaven. The two wave loaves that were offered on the day of Pentecost (Leviticus 23) were made with leaven, because they represent us, the Old Testament and the New Testament, or the Old Covenant and the New Covenant—the churches of those times that were full of leaven, that is, sinful people. Literally, yeast or leaven is a baking powder that, when mixed with flour, has the ability to make bread dough to ferment and expand. Never, ever in the Scriptures does leaven symbolize something good; it is always a type of something evil. It has been suggested that He used this amount because it is the average quantity of meal a housewife would employ in her daily baking. Matt. How can the Kingdom be likened to leaven? b “ The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in c three measures of flour , till it was d all leavened .” The entire Bible looks forward to this time, but there is a present reality of the Kingdom among His sons and daughters. . We start with a mind of total faith, create an idea through the power of imagination, and allow the leaven of Truth to bring the idea into expression. How much is given? It was sin. A COLLECTION OF PARABLES. In the Levitical sacrifices, no leaven could be in any of the offerings that were made (Leviticus 2:11), because they typified the sinless Christ. Another rendering is a word we should all be familiar with—the sovereignty of God. The root word, krupto, means "to conceal" or "to keep secret." Another parable spoke He unto them: "The Kingdom of Heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till the whole was leavened.". This is the one who produces a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.'". Knowing its Old Testament significance, however, He would have used the symbol in the same way. This is not the Protestant idea of "the Kingdom of God is within you," but the Kingdom of God does exist. And the woman succeeds! The remaining four parables illustrate the inner characteristics of His church. In analyzing these parables, we discover the King's personal view of His Kingdom through the past, present, and future of the history of His church. Jesus gave clear and precise illustrations to which His audience could relate. Another parable Jesus spake to them [He spake another parable to them], The kingdom of heavens is like to sourdough, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till it were all soured. This is an unusual statement, because we all have our two ears hanging on the sides of our head. Sobering, is it not? In Galatians 5:7-9, its diffusive quality describes the harmful effects of false doctrine. In 87 out of 88 times, it means something bad, but here in Matthew 13, leaven is positive. I Samuel 1:24 tells of Hannah's thank offering. The same day went Jesus out of the house and sat by the seaside. Taken together, the stories describe the characteristics and dynamism of the church, its formidable obstacles, and its ultimate victory. When Jesus finished the first seven parables, He asked His disciples, "Have you understood all these things?" The church's teachings come from the Word of God, which is our daily bread. Nations or political groups and religions or churches have specific unique beliefs. Satan's plan to destroy God's plan of salvation, which He is fulfilling through the church. Another parable spake he unto them. The kingdom of heaven — Both the gospel dispensation in the world, and the kingdom of grace in the souls of true believers, especially the former; is like to a grain of mustard-seed — Small and contemptible in its beginning. The meal offering represents the offerer's service and loyalty to his fellow man and is typified in how Jesus Christ offered Himself in service to mankind (Matthew 20:25-28). Martin G. Collins Herod's was of shameful self-indulgence in worldly desires. Parables of Matthew 13 (Part 2): Leaven. Yet, according to the commentators, this one case is the exception! It was a normal practice and meant something to them. Young's Another parable he spoke to them; The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. In the parable, the leaven alone is not what relates to the Kingdom, but the entire concept in the parable, the progress of the church in history. We need to learn a little bit about Israelite dry measures. So in this sense, we are in the Kingdom of God, and its rules apply to us. Hannah's offering was one ephah, three measures of meal. A person who did so could expect to be zapped by the next lightning bolt out of heaven. Gideon gave an ephah, three measures of meal. Matthew 13:1-9 The parable of the sower. Merchants could relate to illustrations from the business world that translated into spiritual principles. How much? This seah is what is translated "measure" in Matthew 13:33, except it is in Greek saton. Distrust, offense, marriage problems, disunity, selfishness, gossip, rumor, tale-bearing, judging and condemning, comparing ourselves among ourselves, giving place to wrath, etc. That process included adding leaven, usually yeast, to flour. . To the disciples and the multitude, and which was of the same kind, to the same purpose, and relating to the same subject as the former; the spread of the Gospel, and the increase of it in the world. The Leaven ( Matthew 13:33). What do we hear about among and within the congregations? Everywhere else in the Bible where the word "leaven" or "unleavened" appears, "leaven" carries with it a negative implication. Answer Save. These verses show that the smallest meal offering that could be given was one seah, one-third of an ephah. "So Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah and said, 'Quickly, make ready three measures of fine meal'" (Genesis 18:6). For indeed the Kingdom of God is among[as it is better translated] you.". — Matthew 13:34-35 NLT. Most of the time, commentators interpret this parable just as they interpret the Parable of the Mustard Seed—that the Kingdom would grow big and eventually encompass the whole earth, and everything would be great. This is what Jesus means in Matthew 13. Parables of Matthew 13 (Part One): Introduction, The Parables of Matthew 13 (Part Five): The Parable of the Leaven, Parables of Matthew 13 (Part 1): The Mustard Seed. Through them, Jesus opens up matters that have been concealed from the foundation of the world. The next verb is "hid" (Greek, enkrupto), an interesting word. Putting these three verses together, this is how he defines leaven, as "a persuasion that does not come from God." There fortune smiles on the fortunate, and nothing succeeds like success. This does not square with what we learn in the Old Testament. After the eighth parable, Matthew makes another concluding statement, ". The parable of the yeast is recorded in two different books of the Bible; it is recorded in Matthew 13:33 and also in Luke 13:20-21. Here Jesus is telling the story of a woman who was busy making bread. Richard T. Ritenbaugh A.S.V. Its major connotation is "to be sneaky" or "to be secret, covert, or surreptitious." What this means is that you shouldn't inordinately worry about money, material things, worldly success, etc. In the Old Testament, it is generally symbolic of sin and evil. He uses it to refer to the evil doctrine of the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and Herod (Matthew 16:6-12; Mark 8:15), and this could easily apply to later corruptions of doctrine by those who place more importance on the traditions of men than on the Word of God. How can this be? A particular Bible translation may divide the chapter into only seven parables, but there are eight parables in Matthew 13. Adam and Eve sinned. The commentators are uncomfortable with the idea that the Kingdom of God in its present form can have leaven in it, that it could be full of sin. Here, "three measures of meal" is used in the context of a fellowship meal—giving hospitality, in this case, to God—so it has a spiritual connotation. It is a common Greek word, but it can also have the connotation of "to seize," "to take by force." What is "a woman" in Scripture? We can title the first section "Satan's Plan to Destroy the Church." Is it full of sin? Yes, indeed. A nation has a character and way of doing things. . It was present then in the person of Jesus Christ and working. He would have understood immediately that the Kingdom of Heaven would be subverted. In verse 7, Paul says, in essence, "You are supposed to be pure. They conceal from those not seeking the truth, God, or the Kingdom. The woman in the parable takes leaven and hides it in the meal (Matthew 13:33). The first consists of the first four parables: the Parable of the Sower, the Parable of the Wheat and the Tares, the Parable of the Mustard Seed, and the Parable of the Leaven. This squares with our understanding of what Christ is. Satan would try to corrupt the word, the teaching, so that church members would not treat each other well, offend one another, and maybe some would lose their salvation. A.F.V Mark 13:33, NASB: "'Take heed, keep on the alert; for you do not know when the appointed time will come." These four parables describe the outward characteristics of the church, the working of the mystery of sin against the church, and the extent to which the Evil One is allowed to go in his opposition. An ephah, three measures of meal, is given. In Isaiah 47, a woman is again symbolic of Babylon (whether the nation or the system of Babylon). That was not kosher! Wives could grasp His word pictures from home life. Have we come under the sovereignty of God? What was "three measures of meal"? Jesus teaches us by the simplicity and shortness of His parables that directness and brevity are effective teaching tools. . Jesus gave the first four to the mixed multitude, while He told the last four to the twelve disciples in private. More importantly, most of the Jews listening to Jesus would have recognized the three measures of meal (an ephah) as the meal or grain offering (Leviticus 2). 13:3–23, the parable of the Sower and the soil-types. Such a thing, he declares, is not from Him who calls us. This parable depends on the word "three" to be understood and without it prevents this parable to be of any use at all. We now know that everything promised in OT was not fulfilled when Jesus came the first time and Jesus said that He would be back to do the rest. The woman in the Parable of the Leaven is interesting because in all the other parables a man is the main character. Luke 13:20-21 ). Enkrupto is used only this way here. It is devoted service toward others. He saw that the people would be full of leaven, and they would always be, until they were changed to spirit. This is what Jesus means when He speaks of the Kingdom of Heaven. Symbolically, it represents the second great commandment, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." Matthew 13:23 - And the one on whom seed was sown on the good soil, this is the man who hears the word and understands it; who indeed bears fruit and brings forth, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty.' Usually the eighth is combined with the seventh parable. Leaven is a fermenting agent that causes dough to rise over time. Something good had been corrupted. It is a very simple story—a snapshot of life, really: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into a large amount of flour until it worked all through the dough” ( Matthew 13:33; cf. Amplified® What, then, would the normal Jew have thought? The chapter contains eight parables. Humanity has no self-leavening power. There is also the ephah, which is ten omers. They show Christ working through His messengers to preach the gospel of the Kingdom between the time of His first and second comings. So we have to go back before the throne of grace and plead for mercy and forgiveness again and again and again—even up until the time that we die or we are changed. They were inspired by His Father in heaven, "[for] all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you" (John 15:15), therefore "blessed are your eyes for they see, and your ears, for they hear" (Matthew 13:16). Our land is the Kingdom of God. If you were a Jew in the OT, you would draw your time line with a present age and an age to come, separated by Messiah’s coming. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven. Nevertheless, we are aiming for that future reality when Jesus Christ comes back and sets His throne upon this earth—when all people will stream to Jerusalem to become part of God's Kingdom. Matthew 6:33 - "But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well." He departed from there" (verse 53). This is a collection of five or six parables (depending on how we count verses 51-52) of the kingdom of heaven. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Paul uses leavening as a type of sin in its development (I Corinthians 5:6-8). N.A.S.B. What was kept secret from the foundation of the world? The Kingdom is supposed to be glorious and pure, and Jesus is telling us that the Kingdom is full of leaven. The second section consists of the next three parables: the Parable of the Hidden Treasure, the Parable of the Pearl of Great Price, and the Parable of the Dragnet. This world as a whole has a system of beliefs and practices that go contrary to God. Elsewhere she is called "Wickedness" (Zechariah 5:7-8), "Jezebel" (Revelation 2:20), and the "great harlot" (Revelation 17:1). Jesus used pictures that fit the occasion in a way that preserved their naturalness. The root word for enkrupto is krupto, which means "to cover, to conceal, to keep secret." He is already our King, reigning over us right now. Hence, this woman is surreptitiously placing the leaven of false doctrine in the church. With these examples in mind, we can understand that Christ's use of this phrase would have made His Jewish audience think immediately of the meal offering in Leviticus 2, and they would have been absolutely shocked out of their shoes to find that someone had the audacity, the blasphemy, to put leaven in a meal offering! Matthew 13:9 "Who hath ears to hear, let him hear." Likewise, the kingdom's apparently small, obscure beginning will come to affect the entire earth (Matthew 13:33). John Gill's Exposition of the Bible Matthew 13:33 Another parable spake he unto them To the disciples and the multitude, and which was of the same kind, to the same purpose, and relating to the same subject as the former; the spread of the Gospel, and the increase of it in the world. That they understood made it possible for Jesus to conclude with a final parable that reveals the responsibility of the disciples as "scribes" in the church, "instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven" (verse 52). Matthew 13: 33 Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. The Leaven (verse 33) represents the progress of the church against and despite the contagious outspread of sin. That is not what Jesus means. The recurring phrase "kingdom of heaven" denotes Christ's work through His church to make known "the word of the kingdom" (verse 19), that is, to announce the good news of the coming Kingdom of God. This parable can also be referred to as the parable of the leaven. Two gallons of meal, which is the equivalent of about eight quarts or thirty-two cups, would make nearly eleven loaves! This offering was never allowed to contain leaven (Leviticus 2:5). Matthew 13 explicates the few parables that Jesus gave by the seaside: 1. A little bit of yeast in the dough will make the whole thing rise because the yeast ferments and spreads throughout the entire lump of dough, making it all rise. These can only be Satanic things, bad, negative things inspired by the Devil. The third section can be titled "The Ministry's Duty to the Church.". 9 Answers. But it says the kingdom of heaven is like leaven. Or 'See there!' The apostles, and the church Jesus would build, would bring forth a treasure of knowledge and understanding, "things new and old.". Leaven is symbolic of things that disintegrate, break up, and corrupt. That Jesus uses the very phrase "three measures of meal" is quite interesting—and it is a key, because this told His Jewish audience something that He did not have to explain, as they were familiar with it. In its most basic sense, it is a symbol of corruption, which has a tendency to multiply and spread like yeast. The parables can also be grouped into related pairs that illustrate the church's different characteristics: First Pair: The Sower (verse 3) represents the relationship of the church to the different groups of people with which it comes into contact while doing its work. Some scholars want to throw out the word kingdom when it is used this way, feeling that it is a misleading translation. In Psalm 78:2, it does not say, "I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world." The law of grain offerings in Numbers 15:8-9 provides some instruction. Third Pair: The Treasure (verse 44) represents the preciousness of Christians to Christ, who can see their hidden value and sacrifices all to possess them. Jesus warns in this parable that false doctrines would be infused by stealth into the church, and these evil beliefs would corrupt, erode, and destroy relationships. The Pearl (verse 45) represents the preciousness of the church to Christ, who sacrifices everything to acquire it. What does this mean? Three measures of meal would be a huge amount even for a large family - perhaps as much as is needed to make about a dozen loaves of bread. Judges 6:18-19 shows Gideon's offering to the Lord. First, she took leaven. This is what your life in My Kingdom now will be like. 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