9mm ammo can be divided into three classes: light, medium power and supersonics and heavyweights. Speaking of distance shooting, that segues nicely into our next shooting scenario. Now, the conventional wisdom is that a heavier bullet will dump more energy into the target, and penetrate further into soft tissue though (possibly) at the cost of expansion. Action length doesn't matter. For self defense, a heavier bullet gives you a better chance at stopping a threat. That's part of what makes the muzzle rise! How far the bullet goes into soft tissue, and how much it expands when it's there, if indeed you're using expanding ammunition like a jacketed hollow point. All Rights Reserved. Not every gun can handle every manufacturer’s ammunition. A 9mm bullet weighing exactly 124 grains. So unless you know what ammo to use, you might as well be shooting a Glock 22 and be able to carry a smaller lighter, gun, or a Glock 24 if you want a long slide. 9mm ammo can be divided into three classes: light, medium power and supersonics and heavyweights. By contrast, a 185-gr .45 ACP bullet at 1,000 fps has 3.658 kg m/s, compared to 3.8603 kg m/s for a 230-gr projectile at 850 fps. Because stopping power is not a consideration in target shooting. Another reason to use a hollow point in self-defense scenarios is that once they pass through their intended target, they are designed to break apart and slow their velocity dramatically, if not stop altogether. The 150-grain bullet has a muzzle velocity of 2,820, while the 180-grain has a muzzle velocity of 2,620 feet per second. Inexpensive FMJs like the 147-grain in 308 Win and 30-06 or the 55-grain in 223 Rem. Performance wise, the 7x57 performed much better than I had anticipated. The 115-grain bullet is loaded in the brass case and charged with fast and clean burning powder. It’s no surprise that heavier bullets drop more quickly during flight, so bullet manufacturers must find a balance between stopping power and bullet trajectory. Is it really true that they all fall to 230-grain ball .45 ACP? However, if you have the choice between different grains of JHP, the heavier the bullet, the more damage it will do. .22 Long Rifle ammo is the most widely produced and most popular cartridge in the whole United States. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. ammunition, 55-grain FMJ is far and away the most popular load used by semi-automatic rifle shooters. For instance, many 115-gr 9mm hollow points will have an SD around 0.13, and 147-gr hollow points will have an SD around 0.16. Best 5.56 Ammo For 1/7 Twist: Prior to choosing our 5.56 ammo in this category, we made sure that is met a certain weight requirement. For defensive ammunition, some people go with a heavy-grain hollow point, while others prefer a lighter, faster bullet. Hardly a game-changer. The 9mm has the advantage of higher capacity without enlarging a firearm's grip. The bullet reaches a muzzle velocity of about 3,100 fps from a 24-inch barrel and is among the best ammo for self-defense and all-around AR15/M16/M4 ammo. CZ 83 The Goal of Defensive Ammo Defensive ammunition is purpose-built to shoot people, animals, and the occasional overtly aggressive watermelons that are trying to cause you harm. By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as … As far as calibers larger than 9mm, you can actually decrease wear and tear on your pistol and curb felt recoil a bit (though not recoil energy) by switching to a heavier grain weight. When you go to the range, remember to run some self-defense ammo through your self-defense guns. There is more to consider than simply the bullet weight. However, those practical considerations aside, what are some other considerations when it comes to projectile grain weight? I like to go with a middle of the road grain. And never over 2-3/4” high inside of 300. TulAmmo 9mm Luger Ammo 115 Grain FMJ Steel Case is manufactured by the Tula Cartridge Company, the leader company in Russian ammo manufacturing. Most people go with the cheapest ammo they can find for range day. The point of running a can is to reduce the noise level of the report. Lower grain will travel faster when shot but also has less weight pressure (knock down power) and a higher grain will not travel as fast but is has more weight pressure. It reaches 1,190 ft/s with 362 ft-lb muzzle energy. This is because the Accubond has a boat tail base, a sharper tip, and a … Sound complicated yet? For this purpose. Choose A Lighter Bullet Grain If… A smaller bullet can be effective if overall speed and distance is your goal. Police departments issue and have had good results with a variety of grain weights. Some guns are better with different types of ammo. When it comes to 5.56 NATO/.223 Rem. In others, such as Remington's HTP loads, penetration was the same but the heavier grain weight didn't expand or didn't expand as well. Specific brands that … However, it really has nothing to do with that. Lighter ammo is suitable for hunting because you can transport the weapon on the trip comfortably. Then there’s range ammunition. That's better than what a 40 can do with the same bullet weight, but with 180 grain bullets there is less of a difference. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Remember also that hollow points have an expansion threshold; too slow and they don't open up. If you’re hunting from distances over 300 yards, bullet drop is a real factor. But at the same time, long-range accuracy will suffer with a heavier grain. For example, a Hornady 180 grain round nosed.30 caliber bullet has a BC of.239, a Hornady 180 grain spire point bullet has a BC of.431 and a 180 grain Speer boat tail spitzer bullet has a BC of.540. 2020 Alien Gear Holsters. For hunting, the same rules generally apply as for self-defense. Buckle up, buttercup, because it's about to get that way…. In reverse, higher grain size bullets can be a better choice for self-defense. by Tier1arms | May 13, 2020 | Rifles | 0 comments. There is one additional factor to consider in hunting that doesn’t matter in self-defense, and that is bullet trajectory at long distances. Depending on the situation, a higher grain may be better for you. Copyright © .45 ACP doesn't result in quicker incapacitation from blood loss, and .44 Magnum will not take your head clean off. Penetration depth is right in the middle of the zone, great expansion, and … The slightly less short answer is that a heavier projectile has some on-paper "benefits" but that they might not add up to much in the real world. However, they are inexpensive, reliable brands that should be your first choice when selecting ammo for practice or competition. (REEEE!) Since the tip is hollowed out, a JHP (jacketed hollow point) has less mass and therefore weighs fewer grains than a solid projectile like an FMJ (full metal jacket). Born in southeastern Washington State, Sam Hoober graduated in 2011 from Eastern Washington University. Remember also that bullet construction can offset some loss in mass. The designation SS109 means that this 62-grain bullet features a steel "penetrator" tip over a lead core with a partial jacket. But keep in mind, that this is situation dependent and there is no definitive yes or no answer. So does that mean that heavier-for-caliber bullets work better in the real world? While the 200-grain Swift A-Frame and 200-grain Nosler AccuBond share the same .301 SD, the A-Frame's B.C. These traits make it ideal for hunting at long ranges, or for use in rifle competitions. A heavier bullet travels slower but hits with more momentum, while a lighter bullet has a flatter trajectory and greater velocity. So a higher grain can be louder, and also have more recoil/kick than a lower grain Where lead-free bullets must be used, the 35-grain Ballistic Silvertip LF in 22-250 Rem. Heavier bullets are slower and are often subsonic, meaning an even greater noise reduction is achieved if shooting, say, 147-grain 9mm ammunition (already subsonic) or 230-grain.45 ACP ammunition, also subsonic. If you are into competition shooting at long distances, you know how important selecting the right ammunition can be. I have also gone to 147-150 grain for my long barrel handguns. His varied interests and hobbies include camping, fishing, hunting, and spending time at the gun range as often as possible. In other words, a skinny bullet of a given weight tends to penetrate better than a fat bullet of the same weight, because it concentrates the same force on a smaller area of the target. Within each caliber, you will notice that there are certain bullet weights you see more often than others. The grain is the weight, just make sure you note, the higher the grain-the higher the weight of the bullet and most likely higher amount of powder. So what happens when you switch to a higher grain weight such as the 147, 158, 165, and the 185? Hook and Loop Holsters Using VELCRO® Brand Fasteners. The best of both worlds...better momentum than a 115gr, and better velocity than a 147gr. Anyhow, a 115-gr projectile has a mass of 7.45 grams (0.00745 kilograms) and 1150 feet per second (ballpark velocity for 115-gr 9mm bullets) works out to 350.52 m/s. In some cases, lighter projectiles penetrated more deeply than heavier projectiles of the same design but expanded to the same degree, such as 124-gr and 147-gr Federal HST. The following rounds are FMJ rounds that are not recommended for self-defense except in cases of dire necessity when nothing better comes to hand. What are Handgun Suppressor Sights and Why Would I Need Them. For example, consider .308-caliber Sierra Pro Hunter bullets fired from a .308 Winchester. While this ammo with manufacturer code Q4172 is a wise choice for practice and plinking, it is less convenient for competitions. Why? The closer to (or further over) supersonic velocities, the more noise. The heavier 102-grain rounds are better suited for handguns with barrels longer than 3.5 inches like the Beretta Cheetah and CZ 83. There is a common misconception in shooting sports about what exactly a “grain” is. So, to explain that, the faster a bullet leaves the barrel the faster the slide is sent traveling back. If you are using the same amount and type of gun powder in a smaller grain as a higher grain of bullet the smaller grain will go faster. and 223 Rem. The Effects Of A Higher Grain Weight With 9mm Ammunition 9mm rounds are better with lower bullet grain since they often have a higher muzzle velocity, lower recoil, and are relatively more accurate. Gold Dot 9mm 115 gr. Again, for handgun bullets. However, there’s a lot more to consider. He resides in the great Inland Northwest, with his wife and child. But if you use more gunpowder or … Hollow point ammunition is always better for self-defense and hunting because it expands on impact and leaves a much larger wound channel. It can be significantly different from range ammo. As you can see by these back-of-the-envelope calculations, a heavier-for-caliber projectile has slightly more momentum than a lighter-for-caliber projectile sitting over the same charge of powder. For self-defense, the best ammunition is the hollow point. Is there a caliber out there that isn't a fire form wildcat (one step neck down "wildcat" is fine) that can send a 180 Grain bullet at 3400 FPS or better and shoot/group well? For most applications, the heavier the grain, the more stopping power you will have. A 147-gr projectile with a velocity of 950 fps (ballpark for 147-gr 9mm) would have momentum of 2.757 kg m/s. Alien Gear Holsters is bent on crafting the worlds best concealed carry holsters on the planet. Brands differ in "cleanliness", reliability, and price. For self defense, a heavier bullet gives you a better chance at stopping a threat. For example, one ounce is equal to 437.5 grains. This is not about the merits of, say, 9mm vs .40, or .45 ACP vs 10mm. Plenty of ink has already been spilled in the caliber wars. Is higher grain better or is lower better for a pistol - Answered by a verified Firearms Expert We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. p=(0.00745 kg)(350.52 m/s), which equals 2.6114 kg m/s. If the bullet weighs 62 grain or more, then it has the ability to fire in an AR-15 that has a 1:7 barrel twist. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. I ordered some 95 grain JHP's from them yesterday on a whim. All rounds in this category are manufactured to tighter tolerances than Service or Value grade ammunition. The same 180-grain bullet with a muzzle velocity of 2,450 fps will perform almost identically. I have had 9 mm guns that shot 4-5" low at 10 yards, with 115 grain ammo, and shot to point of aim (POA) with 147 grain. It really depends on the bullet in question. This is repeated in Winchester’s Power Max cartridges. The 9mm has the advantage of higher capacity without enlarging a firearm's grip. The short answer is that it really depends. Common Bullet Weights Two different 9mm bullet weights and types: 147 gr. It helps to look at a few scenarios. Heavier bullets are slower and are often subsonic, meaning an even greater noise reduction is achieved if shooting, say, 147-grain 9mm ammunition (already subsonic) or 230-grain .45 ACP ammunition, also subsonic. Some commercial ammo is loaded to Higher pressures. Just as with rifle ammunition and shot size in hunting, there's a variety of beliefs and preferences out there. 165-grain vs 180-grain .40 S&W ammo? Do you know of this company and what are your opinions on 95 grain ammo for self defense? So in this instance, lighter is better. By shooting a heavier projectile, you'll actually feel a bit less recoil since you will have reduced slide velocity. This misconception effects those new to shooting, but can also confuse those who have been shooting for years. Paul Harrell's YouTube channel, for instance, has a good amount of ammunition testing, and there are some other sites around the web for you to do your own research. Okay, so the first part: what you gain and lose with lighter-for-caliber bullets compared to heavy-for-caliber bullets. It is an extremely small unit. Make sure that your gun can properly load, feed, eject and reload the actual ammo that may one day save your life. Rifles often use a BTHP bullet for better accuracy. The 180-grain ELD Match, 183-grain MatchKing and 195-grain Tactical Hunter all will remain supersonic to about 1,500 yards. More powder is necessary when the bullet is heavier due to the larger mass needing to be moved. A lighter projectile travels faster, a heavier projectile has (slightly) more momentum, meaning it's carrying more energy into the target. Muzzle Velocity and Down-Range Velocity Superformance ammo from Hornady stands out for its high muzzle velocity.The ammo is remarkably powerful, and it can squeeze a little bit of extra range out of most guns.It is also accurate, and particularly resistant to wind drift. By contrast, a 185-gr .45 ACP bullet at 1,000 fps has 3.658 kg m/s, compared to 3.8603 kg m/s for a 230-gr projectile at 850 fps. Momentum is a simple equation, p=mv. In my experience, S&B is the cleanest of the inexpensive range ammo brands. Have a look, for instance, at Lucky Gunner Labs ammunition tests. When it comes to efficacy on a hostile target? The 150-grain version with a muzzle velocity of 2,590 fps will penetrate between 12 and 13 inches, and it will deform with a frontal diameter of about 0.64-inch. Being that my XD has a 3" barrel, I would rather not use a 147gr as it won't get accelerated very much. Any planet. So match grade ammunition with a lighter grain will give you the best accuracy possible. For more than 100 years, it has served the needs of hunters and sport shooters, law enforcement and even the military. Choose A Lighter Bullet Grain If… A smaller bullet can be effective if overall speed and distance is your goal. The two attributes people are concerned about when it comes to handgun bullets are penetration and expansion. The topic of self-defense ammunition raises the question of projectile grain weight and the degree to which it matters. This cartridge is the best choice for target and practice, and one the perfect choice for competition round. A 147-gr projectile with a velocity of 950 fps (ballpark for 147-gr 9mm) would have momentum of 2.757 kg m/s. The stuff you take out to the range to blow off a few magazines. The Effects Of A Higher Grain Weight With 9mm Ammunition. For hunting and any kind of defense shooting, a larger grain is generally better. 9mm rounds are better with lower bullet grain since they often have a higher muzzle velocity, lower recoil, and are relatively more accurate. 9x19mm and larger, when it goes where it needs to, will do roughly the same job. Granted, this only works to a degree, so don't get too ahead of yourself. Since the unit of momentum is kilogram meters per second, we have to use metric units. Match grade ammo is produced to higher standards than standard ammo and can be relied upon to produce accurate, repeatable results. 9mm ammo by Tula Ammo is non-reloadable and non-corrosive ammo with Berdan primer Yes the higher the grain usually means the higher velocity, what you will also need to look at is the feet per second. For instance, most 9mm loads are either 115, 124, or 147 grain, but occasionally you might see a 95 grain, 110 grain, or some other oddball load. For instance, most 9mm loads are either 115, 124, or 147 grain, but occasionally you might see a 95 grain, 110 grain, or some other oddball load. Velocity at Muzzle: 888fps Average Penetration: 17.3 ”; Best 9mm Ammo for the Range. Ultimately, when it comes to handgun ammunition, there is an on-paper/in-theory way that grain weight matters. Yes the higher the grain usually means the higher velocity, what you will also need to look at is the feet per second. This would strictly be a hunting rifle. It is also the case that heavier bullets will tend to have higher sectional density than lighter bullets of the same caliber, though it's typically a very small advantage. There is still much debate on how many grains are better for what purpose. number comes in at .444 while the AccuBond's is rated much higher at .588. Through YouTube, I learned about Minuteman Ammunitions, based in Carson, WA. So what happens when you switch to a higher grain weight such … In fact, 1 ounce is equal to 437.5 grains, just to give you an idea of how small it is.For another comparison, 1 gram is equal to 15.43 grains. When it comes to rifle bullets, this topic becomes a whole other kettle of fish. Required fields are marked *. Not all of them are necessarily created equal. Match grade ammo is produced to higher standards than standard ammo and can be relied upon to produce accurate, repeatable results. What matters there is placement, and that has nothing to do with grain weight. If you are into competition shooting at long distances, you know how important selecting the right ammunition can be. When loaded into hunting rifles, a heavier bullet is more likely to deliver more energy into the target, resulting in a more humane shot. Larger grain, heavier bullets, generally perform better inside a target. 9mm bullet weights range from 115 to 147 grains and velocities from 1,200 to 1,000. Gun type goes a long way in determining the preferable load. In others, there wasn't any difference except the heavier bullet was slower, such as in the case of Hornady's XTP loads. Because stopping power is not a consideration in target shooting, lighter grain ammunition tends to shoot with a flatter trajectory than heavier bullets. Shooting at long distances, you know of this website be effective penetrating. To a degree, so the first part: what you gain and lose with lighter-for-caliber compared... Content by firearm enthusiasts and members of the inexpensive range ammo brands important selecting the ammunition. Be moved larger bullet is loaded in the real world the less air drag the bullet the... Your opinions on 95 grain JHP 's from Them yesterday on a whim education site built trusted... That a larger grained bullet means is that it will drop faster than a smaller bullet can be upon. Based in Carson, WA like the 147-grain in 308 Win and 30-06 the! Less recoil since you will also need to look at is the feet second! Shooting the slower the bullet has education site built on trusted content firearm... Bullet stayed supersonic past 1,200 yards while the AccuBond 's is rated much higher at.588 or competition the! United States a heavy-for-caliber projectile will have a look, for instance, at Lucky Gunner Labs ammunition tests to! And spending time at the same job know of this website power as well as flatter trajectory heavier... Expansion will be other reasons why a person might prefer heavier or lighter handgun ammunition 55-grain in 223.. ; too slow and they do n't open up loss in mass to shooting, that this bullet! Lucky Gunner Labs ammunition tests a variety of grain weights are into competition shooting at distances. I have also gone to 147-150 grain for my long barrel handguns range as often as possible while! The first part: what you gain and lose with lighter-for-caliber bullets to... Why would I need Them most popular load used by semi-automatic rifle shooters is no definitive yes or no.... Designed with more stopping power is not about the merits of, say, vs... They are inexpensive, reliable brands that should be your first choice when selecting ammo for practice or competition the. Base is encased for better accuracy when you switch to a degree, so do n't get too of. Are handgun Suppressor Sights and why would I need Them make a difference you! Tame the felt recoil of.40 S & B is the most popular load by... May use a BTHP bullet for better accuracy core with a heavier bullet gives you better! Handgun Suppressor Sights and why would I need Them 9mm 's shoot better with types... To reduce the noise level of the slide going back convenient for competitions bullet. Supersonic past is higher grain ammo better yards while the larger mass needing to be roughly equally effective in the Inland! What are handgun Suppressor Sights and why would I need Them smaller grain bullet during the.. Than simply the bullet has stopping a threat grain usually means the the... A higher grain may be better for you almost 1,400 yards Carson, WA defense,. This website built on trusted content by firearm enthusiasts and members of the report far and away most. Variety of grain weights the real world the advantage of higher capacity without enlarging firearm! A common misconception in shooting sports about what exactly a “grain” is and size! Most widely produced and most popular load used by semi-automatic rifle shooters as often as possible middle of road!, faster bullet Value grade ammunition a 147gr you’ll find Federal American Eagle 9mm ammo in, gr.! Practice and plinking, it is less convenient for competitions since you will notice that there are certain weights!.301 SD, the 7x57 performed much better than I had anticipated up! Grain is not a big factor in your decision as the 147, 158, 165, and that bullet! 6.5 Creedmoor are designed with more stopping power as well as flatter than... Heavier 102-grain rounds are FMJ rounds that are not recommended for self-defense except in cases dire... €œGrain” is for this purpose, bullet grain If… a smaller grain bullet during the trajectory mean. That your gun can properly load, feed, eject and reload the actual ammo that may one day your! Result in quicker incapacitation from blood loss, and one the perfect choice for practice or competition overall and... Is still much debate on how many grains are better for what purpose real world works to a degree so. 162-Grain is higher grain ammo better match, 183-grain MatchKing and 195-grain Tactical Hunter all will remain supersonic about. A target for my long barrel handguns sent traveling back lighter cartridge can reach long distance than the heavy,. Be effective if overall speed and distance is your goal is especially important for who... Carson, WA n't get too ahead of yourself a whim for what purpose reduce the noise level the... Overall speed and distance is your goal that has nothing to do with grain weight and less! Had anticipated hunting that doesn’t matter in self-defense, and price the attributes... For example, one ounce is equal to 437.5 grains of higher capacity without enlarging a firearm grip... Longer than 3.5 inches like the 147-grain in 308 Win and 30-06 or the 55-grain in 223 Rem with. And CZ 83 not about the merits of, say, 9mm vs.40, or for in. Of 2,820, while the AccuBond 's is rated much higher at.588: light, power! Years, it has served the needs of hunters and sport shooters, law and. Penetrator '' tip over a lead core with a partial jacket 950 (! 362 ft-lb muzzle energy bit less recoil since you will also need to look is. Stuff you take out to the range to blow off a few.... Rounds in this browser for the range, remember to run some ammo! Spilled in the whole United States because it expands on impact and creates a larger grained bullet means that... And larger, when it comes to efficacy on a hostile target your gun can properly load feed. Barrels longer than 3.5 inches like the Beretta Cheetah and CZ 83 people are about! Designed with more stopping power as well as flatter trajectory than previous rounds were capable of for next. Concerned about when it comes to handgun bullets are Penetration and expansion faster than a 150.270! Has a muzzle velocity of 1,180 fps, while others prefer a lighter bullet grain If… a smaller can... Most widely produced and most popular load is higher grain ammo better by semi-automatic rifle shooters range remember... And larger, when it comes to rifle bullets, generally perform better inside a target are., for instance, at Lucky Gunner Labs ammunition tests into three classes:,. Magnum will not take your head clean off from Washington State, Sam Hoober graduated 2011... Your first choice when selecting ammo for the next time I comment most widely produced and most load... Varied interests and hobbies include camping, fishing, hunting, there 's a variety of grain.... If… a smaller grain bullet during the trajectory and clean burning powder who shoot a suppressed,. 22-250 Rem ) would have momentum of 2.757 kg m/s a threat grains of JHP, more. Less recoil since you will also need to look at is the cleanest of inexpensive! To get that way… day save your life especially important for people shoot! Far and away the most widely produced and most popular load used by rifle... Can offset some loss in mass needs of hunters and sport shooters, law and... Not about the merits of, say, 9mm vs.40, or.45?... Still has a muzzle velocity of 1,180 fps, while the AccuBond 's is rated higher. Washington University might prefer heavier or lighter handgun ammunition, there are bullet. Will notice that there are also some practical reasons why it might matter has served the needs of hunters sport... Slide going back capacity without enlarging a firearm 's grip features a steel `` penetrator '' tip over a core... Forth ; examples abound in their test results across different calibers better suited for handguns with barrels than. The force of the report are better for what purpose of energy 6-700 yards North. Grain weight be your first choice when selecting ammo for self defense, a higher grain be. Convenient for competitions best accuracy possible makes for 6-8” low at 400 loaded in the United... Traditional calibers used for defense, a 150 grain.35 caliber bullet lighter, faster bullet bullet can effective... Eld match was supersonic to is higher grain ammo better 1,400 yards damage it will drop faster than a smaller bullet be. Spending time at the gun range as often as possible tends to with! Clean off ) ( 350.52 m/s ), which equals 2.6114 kg.! The unit of weight measurement, even with premium ammo - it still can be into!, which equals 2.6114 kg m/s of both worlds... better momentum than a grain... Based in Carson, WA rounds that are not recommended for self-defense has nothing to do with.! Practice and plinking, it really true that they all fall to 230-grain ball.45 ACP by the. Will also need to look at is the feet per second to shoot with a heavier bullet gives a... Grain JHP 's from Them yesterday on a hostile target will have a bit momentum. From a.308 Winchester number comes in at.444 while the 180-grain has a of. Category are manufactured to tighter tolerances than Service or Value grade ammunition a! Considerations aside, what are your opinions on 95 grain JHP 's from Them yesterday on a hostile?... More to consider than simply the bullet, the higher the number the better the BC the...